A split-image contrasting a dense urban landscape filled with skyscrapers and machinery against a pristine natural forest, symbolizing the tipping point where anthropomass surpasses global biomass.

Anthropomass vs Biomass: A Tipping Point in Earth’s Balance

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In recent years, scientists have raised alarms over a startling metric: anthropomass—the weight of all human-made objects—may have exceeded the total biomass on Earth. This transformation represents a monumental shift in the planet’s history and has profound implications for biodiversity, climate change, and resource management. In this article, we’ll delve into the details and critical analysis surrounding this subject.

What is Anthropomass?

Anthropomass refers to the combined weight of human-made objects and structures, including buildings, vehicles, and even everyday items like smartphones and cutlery. It’s a term that underscores humanity’s growing impact on the Earth, from the alteration of natural landscapes to the utilization of natural resources.

When Did Anthropomass Exceed Biomass?

According to a study published in the journal “Nature” in 2020, anthropomass has likely surpassed global biomass. The study estimates that as of the beginning of the 21st century, anthropomass stood at approximately 1.1 trillion metric tons, surpassing the Earth’s biomass, which is calculated to be about 1 trillion metric tons. This data suggests that the turning point likely occurred sometime in the late 20th or early 21st century.

Environmental Implications

Resource Depletion

As the anthropomass increases, the depletion of resources such as minerals, metals, and fossil fuels accelerates. Not only does this have economic ramifications, but it also contributes to habitat destruction and pollution.

Climate Change

The energy required to create human-made objects often comes from burning fossil fuels, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change.

Biodiversity Loss

The rise in anthropomass correlates with a decrease in natural habitats, significantly impacting plant and animal life. This loss in biodiversity can have cascading effects on ecosystems and human societies dependent on these ecosystems for food, medicine, and other essentials.

Critical Analysis

While the surpassing of biomass by anthropomass is alarming, it’s essential to consider the limitations of this metric. For instance, biomass is continually recycled through natural processes, whereas anthropomass largely remains static or increases. Additionally, the concept does not take into account the quality or functionality of the masses being measured. A single tree, for example, provides multiple ecological services, from carbon sequestration to habitat provision, that a ton of concrete cannot offer.


The surpassing of global biomass by anthropomass serves as a stark reminder of humanity’s ever-growing footprint on Earth. While this shift presents serious challenges, it also offers an opportunity for reflection and recalibration. Sustainable practices in manufacturing, construction, and waste management can mitigate the adverse effects of this change and help restore a more harmonious balance between anthropomass and biomass.

By understanding this tipping point, we’re better equipped to address the complex environmental issues that we face, making it essential for policymakers, scientists, and the public to collaborate on scalable, sustainable solutions.

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